Lifestyle

Cost effectiveness of financial incentives for smoking cessation

From a societal perspective, paying people to quit smoking is highly cost-effective, because the benefits of smoking cessation are so great. That’s one of the main takeaways from a new study by Louise B. Russell and colleagues. At the same time, the study also helps us understand why employers might be reluctant to implement financial […]

Lifestyle

New method allows for realistic, 3D model of the neuromuscular junction

The neuromuscular junction—where nerves and muscle fibers meet—is an essential synapse for muscle contraction and movement. Improper function of these junctions can lead to the development of progressive neuromuscular diseases, some of which have no effective treatment (like Lou Gehrig’s disease). Now, NIBIB-funded researchers have found a way to model the human neuromuscular junction by […]

Lifestyle

Healthful food for children is the same as for adults

It is the position of the Society for Nutrition Education and Behavior (SNEB) that there is no difference between healthful foods for adults and for children aged 2 and older, except for age-appropriate adjustments in texture and portion size, according to a new position paper in the Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior. “If you […]

Lifestyle

Parenting interventions support psychosocial adjustment of children in foster and adoptive families

According to a recent review and analysis of published studies, attachment-based parenting interventions—which seek to improve the quality of the parent-child relationship—increase the psychosocial adjustment of children in foster and adoptive families. Results also suggested that attachment-based interventions increase positive parenting behaviors. The review in Campbell Systematic Reviews included studies from the United States, The […]

Lifestyle

Reproductive changes among women in their 40s

In a study published in Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica that examined the total population of women aged 40–49 years between 2008–2018 in Denmark, Norway, and Sweden, birth rates increased in Denmark and Sweden, and births resulting from assisted reproductive technology doubled in all three countries. Among the major findings: Use of hormonal contraception increased […]

Lifestyle

Can antidepressant medication alleviate pain in patients with osteoarthritis?

A clinical trial published in Arthritis & Rheumatology recently examined whether duloxetine, a medication that is prescribed to treat depression and may also reduce chronic pain, can benefit patients with hip or knee osteoarthritis. In the trial of patients experiencing chronic osteoarthritis-related pain in the hip or knee that did not go away with over-the-counter […]

Lifestyle

How do weight changes and physical functioning affect mortality in older women?

In a study published in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society that included 5,039 older women who were followed for an average of 5.4 years, loss of 5% or more body weight was associated with a 66% higher risk of dying. Weight gain was not related to mortality. Higher grip strength and better lower […]